How to Read Your Home Warranty
Home warranties come in all shapes and sizes, and home buyers need to understand theirs prior to closing if they want to be successful owners. From the HVAC system to the wiring, warranties keep new home buyers from having to pay for costly repairs out of pocket. Unlike home insurance, a warranty will cover parts of the property from wear and tear.
Warranties are excellent for homeowners who want to give themselves peace of mind, but warranties can be difficult to understand which can cause confusion when something actually happens. Keep these facts in mind about general home warranties and what to know when reading over yours.
Start with Your State
Home warranties are not governed at the federal level, meaning all rules and regulations regarding home warranties are handed down by the states. Some states set up strict guidelines while others take a more laissez-faire attitude. Starting with the state's basic rules can at least give a home buyer an idea of their rights, even if they don't understand every clause in their contract.
Warranties can be governed by different groups under the law, depending on how officials classify it. For those unsure of where to start, the first step is usually to locate the Commissioner of Insurance body in the state but each state has its own process.
What Buyers Need to Know
Sellers may pay for a home warranty as a way to entice potential buyers to make an offer, or the real estate agent may pay for the warranty as a way of saying 'thank you' for the buyer's business. Buyers need to ask about the warranty to clarify the payment details. Most warranties cover major home systems and appliances if they malfunction. The warranty company works with a number of providers (e.g., handymen, electricians, plumbers, etc.) to send someone to fix the trouble.
If the problem cannot be fixed, the warranty company may pay to replace the system, depending on the terms of the contract. Home warranties may only cover a few components of the home, or it may provide more all-over coverage. When reading the contract, buyers should pay attention to which systems are included so they can upgrade their contract if they so choose. In addition, buyers will typically pay a small fee for a service call, which is usually less than $100. If the inclusion was not fulfilled accordingly, or a buyer needs some clarification about legal terms in the contract, it is best to reach out to a professional.
The Different Levels of Home Warranties
Home warranty plans come in many different levels, providing homeowners with the perfect amount of protection. At the lowest level, the warranty only covers one major appliance, such as the dishwasher or refrigerator. If anything happens to that appliance, the warranty company will send out someone to repair or replace it.
At the next level, the home warranty covers several major appliances, including the washer and dryer. If any of the appliances are new, the coverage may overlap with the plan provided by the manufacturer.
The highest level of coverage tends to protect against damage to all appliances in the home along with HVAC system components. This means that in addition to coverage for the refrigerator, the furnace, air conditioning unit, and air purifier are all protected.
At all warranty levels, the fine print determines just how much repair efforts are warranted before replacement. Homeowners may need to let repairmen come through several times to attempt fixes before the company orders a new appliance for the home. Although this can prove inconvenient at times, one fix is often all that is needed to restore the function of the appliance, making it a great first step.
What Isn't Covered
Home warranties typically won't cover the outside systems of the home, such as the sprinkler system or pool, unless the buyer specifically makes arrangements for these items. They won't pay for permit fees if the home isn't zoned for a certain repair or for the costs to haul away broken appliances.
There should be a list of exclusions in the policy, but certain items may be implied rather than specifically states, so it's important to read between the lines when possible. Warranties also won't cover items if it looks like there was foul play or neglect on the part of the homeowner. If the home inspection turned up a known pre-existing flaw, then these will not be covered per the terms of the warranty contract.
The right home warranty can provide homeowners with a level of unparalleled protection, but it's important for buyers to understand how warranties work before something breaks down rather than after. The more the buyer understands their contract, the more likely it is they'll be able to plan ahead in the case of a malfunction.